Days & Dates
The third Numbers lesson will cover days and dates.
星期 禮拜 週
ㄒㄧㄥ ㄑㄧˊ ㄌㄧˇㄅㄞˋ ㄓㄡ
1. Days of the week
There are three different ways to say what day of the week it is. The most common is with the word for “week”, followed by a number.
今天是星期一。 / 今天星期一。
Today is Monday.
|this||(counter for stores)||store||week||two||closed|
The store is closed on Tuesday.
This pattern is used from Monday (一) thru Saturday (六). Sunday is different; instead of a number, you add either 天 or 日.
Tomorrow is Sunday.
|this||(counter for stores)||store||Sunday||open|
The store is open on Sunday.
To ask what day of the week it is, replace the number with 幾.
What day is today?
Though less common, you can almost always replace 星期 with 禮拜 or 週, making three ways to say each day, and five ways to say Sunday. (It would be six ways to say Sunday, but 週天 is never used for some reason.) That makes twenty-three “Day of the Week” words in all.
年 月 日 號
ㄋㄧㄢˊ ㄩㄝˋ ㄖˋ ㄏㄠˋ
If you ever have to fill out a form in China, Taiwan, etc., and see a section that looks like this…
____ 年 __ 月 __ 日
…you can guess that it’s probably a place to write a date, since those three characters mean…
年 (ㄋㄧㄢˊ) ~ year
月 (ㄩㄝˋ) ~ month
日 (ㄖˋ) ~ day
In Chinese, the date is always read “year, month, day”; from biggest to smallest. The year can be read by simply saying the four numbers individually. For instance, read 2015 as “two, zero, one, five”.
|life||day||1776th year||7th month||4th day|
DOB: July 4th, 1776
|Qing||dynasty||end||on||1911th year||10th month||10th day|
The Qing Dynasty ended on October 10, 1911.
In writing, dates will usually appear in this way. In speech however, 日 (day) is often replaced with 號 (number).
My mom’s birthday is on January 19th.
Today is the 31st.
To ask today’s date, replace the numbers you don’t know with 幾.
What is the date today?
|today||what number?||month||what number?||day|
What is the month and date today?
In the next lesson, we’ll look at one of the most important things you can do with numbers; telling the time!